♠♣♥♦IN he great Gatsby the valley of ashes is shown as the idea of a failed American dream. this idea is first presented when nick and tom travel to the valley to see Mertil. nick describes the valley as “a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges hills and grotesque gardens. where ashes take form of houses and chimneys and rising smoke.” In this quote ashes are a metafor for the false idea of theA dream this is shown when it says that the ashes take form of houses and chimneys. this is because ashes can really do this and that just like the idea of the American dream cant really happen. this is because the people who live in the valley work extremely hard in the hope that one day the ‘dream’ will find them. in this quote we also see use of the word grotesque this Fitsgerald uses this word choice because he think that this word best fits the idea of the American dream that it is almost cruel the way that this ‘dream’ is put in front of them like goal they can never reach. another way nick the narrator describes this setting is “ash grey men who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air” this make us as readers invision and dark polluted place the words that make us think this are word choices such as ‘ash grey men’ and ‘crumbling through the powdery air’.the reason why the authiorhas written this quote like this is because he wants us to relise the life style of all the people who arent living in this upper class. the crumbling through the powdery air also help us relise to the extreme of wich these people work.